Canada is the second-largest country in the world and a North American nation known for its natural beauty, multicultural society, and cold climate. It is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary democracy system of government. The country is divided into ten provinces and three territories.
The primary language spoken in Canada is English, with French being the second official language. However, due to the country's diverse population, many other languages are also spoken, including Chinese, Punjabi, and Spanish.
The primary currency used in Canada is the Canadian dollar, which is abbreviated as CAD. One Canadian dollar is divided into 100 cents. The currency's value is influenced by several factors, including the price of oil, the country's economic stability, and its trade relationship with the United States.
Canada spans six time zones, but the most common time zone is Eastern Standard Time (EST), which is 5 hours behind Coordinated Universal Time (UTC-5). Daylight Saving Time is observed from March to November, moving the clock forward by one hour.
The flight time from the UK to Canada depends on the destination city, but it typically takes around 7-8 hours to reach major cities like Toronto or Montreal. Vancouver, on the West Coast, is slightly further and takes around 9 hours. The exact flight time may vary depending on factors such as weather conditions and flight route.
The main airport in Canada is the Toronto Pearson International Airport (YYZ), which is located in Mississauga, Ontario, just outside Toronto. The airport is one of the busiest in North America, serving millions of passengers each year. Its address is 6301 Silver Dart Drive, Mississauga, Ontario, L5P 1B2, Canada.