Kazakhstan

LOCAL TIME:
GMT+5hrs
LANGUAGE:
Kazakh
FLIGHT TIME FROM UK:
5 to 6 Hrs
CURRENCY:
KZT

Kazakhstan is a country located in Central Asia and Eastern Europe. It is the world’s ninth-largest country by land area, and it shares borders with Russia to the north and west, China to the east, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan to the south. The capital city is Nur-Sultan, which was previously known as Astana.

The country has a diverse population, with ethnic Kazakhs making up the majority, followed by Russians, Uzbeks, Ukrainians, and others. The official language is Kazakh, although Russian is also widely spoken.

Kazakhstan is rich in natural resources, including oil, gas, and minerals such as uranium, copper, and gold. It has a strong economy, driven by its abundant natural resources, as well as its manufacturing and service sectors.

Kazakhstan has a long history, with archaeological evidence dating back to the Bronze Age. It was part of the Mongol Empire in the 13th century, and later became part of the Russian Empire. It gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.

The country has a diverse landscape, with vast steppes, deserts, mountains, and lakes. Its national parks and nature reserves are home to a wide range of flora and fauna, including the endangered snow leopard.

Kazakhstan is also known for its space program, with the Baikonur Cosmodrome being the world’s largest and busiest space launch facility. It has sent numerous astronauts to the International Space Station and has plans for further space exploration in the future.

Top Local Attractions

Charyn Canyon

Charyn Canyon is a stunning natural wonder located in the southeast of Kazakhstan. It is often compared to the Grand Canyon in the United States, and is known for its breathtaking views and unique rock formations. A distinctive reason to visit this location is the opportunity to witness the famous "Valley of Castles" in Charyn Canyon, which is a series of towering rock formations that look like medieval castles.

Almaty

Almaty is the largest city in Kazakhstan, and is known for its beautiful parks, gardens, and museums. Visitors can explore the various landmarks and attractions in the city, including the Central State Museum, the Kok-Tobe Hill, and the Zenkov Cathedral. A distinctive reason to visit this location is the opportunity to experience the vibrant cultural scene in Almaty, which features a diverse mix of music, dance, and theater.

Lake Kaindy

Lake Kaindy is a stunning alpine lake located in the Tian Shan mountains in southeastern Kazakhstan. It is known for its crystal-clear waters and unique submerged forest, which was created when an earthquake triggered a landslide that submerged a nearby forest. A distinctive reason to visit this location is the opportunity to go scuba diving in Lake Kaindy, which is one of the few places in the world where you can dive among submerged trees.
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